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HISTORY AND HERITAGE

ABOUT PAKISTAN: The Islamic republic of Pakistan emerged on the map of the world as an independent sovereign state on 14th August 1947, as a result of the division of former British India. It lies between 23-35 to 37- 05 north latitude and 60-50 to 77- 50 east longitude touching the Hindukush Mountains in the north and extending from the Pamirs to the Arabian Sea. It is bounded by Iran in the west, Afghanistan in the north-west, India in the east and south east and Arabian Sea in the south. There is a common border with China alongside Gilgit and Baltistan in the north.  It is divided into four provinces: Sindh, Punjab, North West Frontier Province and Balochistan. It consists of such physical regions as the western offshoots of Himalayas which cover its northern and north western.

The country comprises of a vast area that was the great center of ancient civilizations of the world. Its historical sites beginning with stone-age to Twentieth Century A.D are a mirror of the life of its people who are by nature simple, virile, hospitable and hard working. Ancient sites excavated in Taxila, Harappa, and Moenjodaro speak volumes for Pakistan rich cultural background dating back to 3,000 B.C.

The country has an agricultural economy with a network of canals irrigating a major part of its cultivated land. Wheat, cotton, rice, millet and sugarcane are the major crops. Among fruits: mangos, oranges, bananas and apples are grown in abundance in different parts of the country. The main natural resources are natural gas, coal, salt and iron. The country has an expanding industry. Cotton, Textiles, sugar, cement, and chemicals play an important role in its economy.

Country Conventional Name:  Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Capital:  Islamabad

Location:  It is bounded by Iran in the west, Afghanistan in the north-west, India in the east and south east and Arabian Sea in the south

Location:  796,095 square kilometers

Population: 132.35 million, 162,420,000 (1998)

Currency: Pakistani Rupee

Time: Local time is GMT +5

Electricity: Electrical current is 230 volts, 50Hz. Round 2-3 pin plugs are used.

Religion: Religiously Pakistan is an Islamic country where 96.28 % of population prays towards Makkah. Christians are 1.95% of the population whereas Hindus are 1.60% and schedule Hindus represent 0.25%. Others are 0.07% which includes Sikhs and other religious communities.

Literacy: 46% of total population

Language:Urdu is the national language and is used as a medium of understanding throughout the country. Pakistan is culturally divided into four bilingual provinces. Punjabi is spoken in the Punjab, Sindhi in Sindh, Pashto in NWFP, and Balochi in Balochistan.

Communication: There are several GSM 900 and 1800 mobile networks in operation, providing fair coverage, concentrated in urban areas. Internet cafes also exist in the main towns and cities. The hand phone has become a necessity in Pakisthan. Phone cards can be bought at hotels, post offices and supermarkets for use at public phones.

Climatically, Pakistan enjoys a considerable measure of variety. North and   north western high mountainous ranges are extremely cold in winter while the   summer months of April to September are very pleasant.

The country has an   agricultural economy with a network of canals irrigating a major part of its   cultivated land. Wheat, cotton, rice, millet and sugar cane are the major crops.   Among fruits: mangos, oranges, bananas and apples are grown in abundance in   different parts of the country. The main natural resources are natural gas,   coal, salt and iron. The country has an expanding industry. Cotton, Textiles,   sugar, cement, and chemicals play an important role in its economy.
The   country comprises of a vast area that was the great center of ancient   civilizations of the world. Its historical sites beginning with stone-age to   Twentieth Century A.D are a mirror of the life of its people who were, by   nature, simple, virile, hospitable and hard working. Ancient sites excavated in   Taxila, Harappa, and Moenjodaro speak volumes for Pakistan’s rich cultural   background dating back to 3,000 B.C.

WEB Sites About Pakistan

Pakistan Television   Corporation (PTV)
Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Pakistan International   Airline (PIA)
Government of Pakistan   News Portal
Economy of   Pakistan
Hotels and Travel in   Pakistan
Pakistan travel guide
History of Pakistan
Cultural Heritage
Festivals
National   Assembly
Museums and Galleries
Landscape
Map of Pakistan
Country Profile
Sports
Economy
Fact Sheets
Traditions/Culture
Indus civilization
Gandhara Civilization

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